Transition barriers between topological spin textures can be tailored

Magnetic skyrmions are nanoscale spin textures that their thermal stability originates from the nontrivial topology in nature. Recently, a plethora of topological spin textures have been theoretically predicted or experimentally observed, enriching the diversity of the skyrmionic family. In this work, we theoretically demonstrate the stabilities of various topological spin textures against homochiral states in chiral magnets, including chiral bobbers, dipole strings, and skyrmion tubes. They can be effectively classified by the associated topological Hall signals. Multiple transition paths are found among these textures, mediated by Bloch-point singularities, and the topological protection property here can be manifested by a finite energy barrier with the saddle point corresponding to the Bloch-point creation/destruction. By carefully modulating the local property of a surface, such as interfacial DMI induced by breaking the structural symmetry, the energy landscape of a magnetic system can be tailored decisively. Significantly, the proposed scenario also enables the manipulation of stabilities and transition barriers of these textures, even accompanied by the discovery of ground-state chiral bobbers. This study may raise great expectations on the coexistence of topological spin textures as spintronics-based information carriers for future applications.


Tailoring energy barriers of Bloch-point-mediated transitions between topological spin textures
Y. Li*, Y. Zang, R. Chen, C. Moutafis*
Arxiv:2303.03154 (2023).